Rural Startups Miss Out Identifying Ways to Fill the Gaps
Rural Startups: My recent researches into community supported business and running rural development workshops have reinforced my observation of what may be getting in the way of grassroots entrepreneurship in rural communities and small towns across the country.
People in cities most frequently on the ‘top 10’ lists of the best cities for startups, like Austin, Denver and Seattle, take for granted their access to things that people in small communities say are lacking, like:
- Availability of seed money locally;
- Interaction with other visionary entrepreneurs;
- Business incubators and accelerators;
- Mentors who have wide experience of startups;
- Support services like bookkeepers, or marketers;
- Access to the best skills of the information age;
- Business friendliness and culture in the community;
The determined entrepreneur is not daunted by the absence of any of the things on this list. Many people who have an idea for a new business may not even be aware that such things might help. Sure, they can find two kinds of professional they think they need: certified public accountants and attorneys, probably in the nearby town. These two kinds of professionals may be necessary in particular circumstances, but to establish a business, they are probably not.
Why should rural startups avoid traditional accountants and lawyers? To open for business, you’ll need bookkeeping software, or a bookkeeper, and to use the Secretary of State’s office in your State to help you register your business, and a site like legalzoom.com if you have need for standard contracts. CPAs and Attorneys will charge high hourly rates and may not have the entrepreneur’s view of the business world. Their businesses are founded on the basis of maximizing their fee income, so it’s understandable they will need to charge for the time it takes for them to read your email. In the information age, professionals should be kept for when their expertise is essential.
On the other hand, creating a rural startup can be a lonely road to travel. It helps to surround yourself with others who have “been there, done that” and help you take shortcuts and avoid unnecessary expenditure. Cash has a way of slipping through your fingers and cash is the blood your startup body needs for survival. You have probably come across the ‘lean startup’ movement and the term ‘financial bootstrapping’, if you’ve read anything about starting a business. Both concepts are about being parsimonious with money at the early stages of business.
So, here is the reason why you’ll want to find ways to fill the lack of each of the things on the ‘missing’ list, if you are starting a business in a rural or small town environment.
1 Access to Seed Money: Seed money comes in many forms. Most of the seed money in your business is likely to come from your own resources, or from people immediately around you, but chances are high that at some early point you are going to need more money. The first port of call is always the bank, but banks, naturally enough, want security and collateral, and yours may already be stretched to the limit.
Banks won’t hand out money unless they are convinced that the venture is viable. The loan officer will want to see some track record, not only of the founders, but of the actual venture producing revenue.
Outside seed capital will typically come from angel, or angel-like investors, who back you, not because you pledge your house, but because your idea meets a need and your ability is convincing. But such investors are very few and far between out in the countryside. However the internet can help to find angels further afield.
Grants are another frequent source of seed money, or money with moral, rather than financial strings. While not super abundantly available to budding rural businesses, there are a growing number of local, regional or ‘minority’ grant giving bodies. Small Business Development Centers can often be a good source of information to State sources, or funding for women-owned businesses, for example. Women and minorities are more specially catered for, even in rural areas.
2 Visionary Entrepreneurs: Why would someone else with a business outside your intended field of activity, be of any importance to you? Such people will likely inspire you and give you ideas that had not entered your head. One way to encounter such people is through community involvement. Find out what’s missing in your local area and see if there are ways that you might help to fill the gap. In this process you are more than likely to encounter other bright business sparks.
Another way might be to find out if there are groups in your local economy who face special barriers to employment. Then consider if they might make good employees for your own business. The process will probably take you towards social nonprofits and educators who have been providing support. Such ‘movers and shakers’ are likely to introduce you to others who seek to improve the community.
3 Collaboration: There are most likely business people and others who need services or facilities which they cannot afford on their own—just like your own rural startup. Seek out ways in which you could work together to mutual benefit. It might be, for instance, that 3-D printing could do something for your business, but is an investment that you could not justify, but with other businesses locally sharing such a facility, it could benefit all.
Maker and hacker spaces, as well business incubators and accelerators are generally in urban locations. One collaboration possibility is setting up a hoffice—a room in your home where facilities can be shared to mutual advantage. Maybe just by sharing information with other small businesses, you could find opportunities for mutual learning and data gathering.
4 Guidance: In rural places you may be lucky enough to find guidance from experienced entrepreneurs, but chances are high that this will not be the case. Working as a mentor to many entrepreneurs, I have learned that an old gray hair like me can save startups loads of time, money and wasted energy. Apart from that, sometimes encouragement from someone who knows the ropes can reduce stress of decision making.
In rural areas, there is simply a much smaller pool of knowledge to draw upon, but that should not deter people wanting to start a business or a nonprofit from seeking a mentor or coach. The entrepreneurial road can be very lonely, even with a co-founder, and to have someone who can give feedback will reduce risk of failure. A mentor can share knowledge and will not have a vested interest in outcomes in the same way as a banker, for instance. You can reach out to almost anyone these days via the web, but you might do better to find someone in your field, or someone whose business you admire in the locality.
5 Sophisticated Services: The rural startup is less likely to have access to the sophisticated services than her urban counterpart. Some will not even know what they don’t know or have never experienced. So make a point of researching the latest techniques of marketing, for instance.
Venturing into new territory, you will make mistakes (I still do), but you can experiment. If you learn about a new marketing technique, you can probably find someone to help you at low cost; try fiver.com, where each job will cost just that—five dollars.
6 Information Technology: Probably the fastest changing area of business is in information technology. It is worth making regular searches for the latest apps that can ease the problems of running your business, or maybe open up, say the field of big data and the advantages it might bring.
ClearStory Data for example, works by combining your business’s internal data with publicly available information to help you make better business decisions. These insights are displayed using the StoryBoard feature, which lets you create graphs, story lines and interactive visuals right from the ClearStory dashboard.
7 Business Culture: There are a growing number of communities where there is a real attempt to develop and encourage an entrepreneurial mentality. A nonprofit example of this is hotDesks (Eastern Shore counties of Maryland) that offers a network of coworking spaces, entrepreneur and innovation training, and access to capital for high-growth, scalable startup and growth businesses.
If your own local town is not very startup-friendly, look at surrounding towns that seem to have a more enthusiastic approach to business. Maybe a run down community just down the road has vacant buildings and would be prepared to help you occupy one at favorable terms either with rent or lower taxes.